- Born May 2015 with Kala and Zuri
- Bossiest of all the youngest litter, and appears to take the dominant role in the mob
- Born May 2015 with Katili and Kala
- Has a dark patch on her right front arm at the inner bend
- Was the runt of the litter, but has grown up to be just as big and strong as her siblings
- Name is pronounced CALL-ah
- Born May 2015 with Katili and Zuri
- Is the most timid of the mob, always hangs behind to assess any situation
- Born in March 2012
- Has a dark face, and is missing a small scallop shape from her left ear
- Continues to challenge Katili for dominance
Who's the (Mob) Boss?
Meerkats live in a complex matriarchal society, in which one dominant female controls the rest of the group. She chooses her partner and usually is the only female to breed. The other mob members earn their ranks based on challenges for dominance among themselves.
Damara, the mother of our current meerkats, was the matriarch until she passed away in 2015. To avoid inbreeding, her mate Leo and a male offspring went to live in Zoo Boise.
You’d think that the oldest female would just take over as matriarch, but that isn’t the case. Meerkats form close bonds with their litter-mates. The litter of females born in 2015 outnumbers the females born in 2012. Katili, one of the “youngsters,” seems to be the “mob boss,” but not without challenges from older female Jasiri.
From the Keepers
”Meerkats are very scent-oriented, and I like to give them enrichment that stimulates their olfactory senses. It can even be perfumes and cooking spices, so they can experience the new smells. Or it might be from other zoo animals, like straw or used hay from the lions or burlap from the Channel Island foxes. The best reaction I’ve seen was to wool sheared off of the barnyard sheep. The meerkats were all on high alert and they were cautious to approach it, as it was a novel scent for them. They didn’t know if it was safe or not.Rachel W.
Burrow Sweet Burrow
The underground colonies made by meerkats consist of two or even three levels of tunnels, interconnected with chambers of about one foot across, with up to 15 entrance holes. Though the individuals generally forage near the burrow, a colony can travel more than 3½ miles in a day looking for food. The Zoo’s meerkat exhibit is designed to allow for burrowing, but also for containment – it’s solid cement at six feet down.
It Takes a Village
Meerkats have one of the most complex social structures of any animal at the Zoo. Each individual has a distinct position within the group. Some spend their days foraging for food, others dig tunnels, and some females are babysitters. Sentries are important, as they take turns watching for predators. Is that an eagle?! If so, the sentry meerkat lets out a distinctive bark to warn the rest of the group to take cover.
Meerkats are listed as “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Speciesbecause the species is widespread in southern Africa, and in several protected areas. However, their population can fluctuate greatly within the range and is influenced by rainfall and predation.
Stay on the Trail
Stay on marked trails when exploring natural areas. Many habitats, such as the desert, may look hardy but are actually quite fragile. Small changes in a habitat can make a big difference to the animals living within it.